Friday, April 10, 2009
REVISITED--INITIATION OF IRAN-IRAQ WAR
Because it is SO relevant to all recent and past events, I decided to repost a blog entry from August, 2005, on my initial, currently blocked, blogspot.
In addition, below the following reproduced entry, I have a link from uruknet to this very same post.
Furthermore, apparently, the book to which I was referring, or, so I am informed, is available on the internet.
Nonetheless, because of its significance and the fact that links seem to disappear from the internet, I decided to republish it, anyway.
AND, the BOLDFACE, below, is MY emphasis and was not done in the initial post or in the book.
It exemplifies what I want most to emphasize.
And, also, I wish to add a comment, below, about the 1975 Algiers Agreement after reading my reproduced post/book excerpt.
Wednesday, August 24, 2005
initiation of iraq-iran war
Here are a FEW excerpts from the book I named, previously, (see May 21, 2005, Iraq-Iran Conflict) regarding the Iraq-Iran Conflict, published in 1981 in Paris by the Institute of Studies and Research":
"....The hostility expressed by the Iranian demonstrators and leaders against Iraq was accompanied by aggressions and military provocations that have led to a state of war.
Before this degradation of the situation, the Iranian forces had committed 244 border violations or acts of aggression against Iraq by air, sea, and land in the period from February 23, 1979 to July 26, 1980. Among these acts should be included bombings of Iraqi border posts, the capture of soldiers belonging to border units, the interception of civil planes and aggressions against Iraqi and foreign ships in the Shatt-al-Arab.
The Iraqi forces answered these aggressions in trying to limit them. During this period, Iraq sent 240 official notes to the Embassy of the Iranian Republic in Baghdad giving an account of the aggressions, their date, form and consequences.
Moreover, Iraq sent official notes to most of the regional and international organizations: the League of Arab States, the UN, the Nonaligned Movement, the Organization for African Unity, the Conference of Islamic Nations, etc. Even tho these organizations were informed of the events having taken place on the Iraq-Iran border, Teheran did not take the notes of protest into consideration, thus violating international laws and rules as well as the conventions concluded between the two countries.
At the end of July 1980, movements and concentrations of Iranian troops were observed near the border with Iraq. The Iranian artillery started violently bombarding the Iraqi border posts.
It is thus that July 28th the post of al-Chib was attacked and seriously damaged. These skirmishes soon took the appearance of a real war. Teheran did not hesitate to boast:
'When the Iranian army marches toward Baghdad, no one will be able to hold it back. By means of a mere communique we shall be able to decree the fall of the Iraqi regime.'
By August, the amplitude and violence of the clashes became unbearable for the Iraqi authorities. On the 6th, for example, Iran tried to compromise the Soviet Union by demanding that it halt its deliveries of weapons to Iraq. August 27th, Teheran announced that combats had grown in importance in the Qasr-e-Shirin sector and had extended to all frontier posts in the region. The Iranian army used 'ground-to-ground' missiles for the first time.
On the morning of Thursday, Sept 4,violent air and naval fighting burst out after the shelling of several Iraqi villages....and the oil installations of Naft Khaneh by Iranian forces...Equally violent combats continued on Sept 5th and 6th. These brought about the destruction of the oil plants in that region as well as of numerous military posts....The Iraqi gov't was surprised by the intensity of these combats and attempted to put an end to the hostilities by diplomatic means. It sent an official note to the Iranian Embassy in Baghdad in which they were informed of the damage caused in Iraq by Iranian artillery.
The Iranian forces nevertheless pursued their operations.....Sept 9, the Iraqi army was moved to the border and following a violent struggle, forced the Iranians to retreat from the region....
...Afterwards, Iraq demanded by way of an official note that Iran return the Iraqi territories it was occupying in violation of the agreements concluded between the two countries, in particular, the 1975 Algiers treaty.
That note was left unanswered. On the contrary, Iran multiplied it's acts of aggression... (Pgs 106-108)....By September 21(1980), the Iraqi forces had finished liberating all territories attributed to Iraq according to the Algiers agreement.
Baghdad then proposed an opening of negotiations with Teheran in order to find a just solution to the conflict, that is, one that would take the interests of both countries into account while respecting the agreements concluded between them.
Iran rejected this offer and intensified its military operations....The Iranians set about the systematic bombings of Iraqi cities, factories, schools and hospitals and shelled the boats anchored in the Shatt-al-Arab. (pg 114).....
....The Iranian rejection of any attempt to settle the conflict was clearly evidenced by the declaration of Mohammed Mokri, Ambassador of Iran in Moscow who, during a press conference held Sept 29, indicated that Iran did not assign any great importance to the 1921 treaty with Russia, and specifically articles 5 and 6 which were denounced by the Islamic Republic.
Mr. Mokri added that the opening of negotiations with Iraq depended upon several conditions:
The downfall of the regime of Saddam Hussein and his replacement by the true representatives of the Iraqi people; Iranian occupation of the Iraqi city of Basra as a guarantee for payment of war indemnities.
After paying these reparations, the population of this city would be asked to pronounce itself by vote upon its connection to Iraq or Iran;
The organization of a vote in Iraqi Kurdistan for autonomy or for its attachment to Iran (Pg 130-131).....
...Further attempts were made to convince Iran to negotiate by the Foreign Affairs Ministers during the Conference of Nonaligned Countries, meeting in New Delhi from February 9-13, 1981, but, these too proved to be unsuccessful due to the unacceptable conditions set by Teheran for the opening of such talks.
This attitude sharply contrasts with that of the Iraqi leaders who during the same conference declared they would listen to any proposal for a peaceful settlement of the conflict...(pg. 155)"
End of book excerpts.
There's alot more, but, temporarily, I most stop. This just begins to give you a flavor of what's involved. The point of this book is its excellent documentation (the appendix is almost half the book, including maps) and it's historical background and context, which I haven't even touched, yet.
END OF REPRODUCED POST
And, here's a link for the same post, above, from uruknet:
Now, you can read, below, as an arbitrary EXAMPLE, a DIFFERENT way in which the same story, above, was spun, with similar variants of a theme from MOST/MANY sources.
However, there is one point FIRST to which I would like to draw attention from the rather lengthly piece below.
A lingering question has long remained.
Why topple Iran's pro-American Nazi Shah puppet regime, in favor of an Islamic Fascist version?
What was the primary purpose, reason, objective?
Various theories and facts have been put forward.
It is MY OWN contention, hypothesis, however, that THE fundamental reason was due exactly to the 1975 Algiers Treaty, above, and a ceasefire of hostilities negotiated between the Shah and Iraq's Saddam Hussein.
And, to prove my point, here is a key EXCERPT from the link following:
"...In 1975, United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had sanctioned that Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, attack Iraq over the waterway, which was under Iraqi control at the time; soon after both nations signed the Algiers Accord, in which Iraq made territorial concessions, including the waterway, in exchange for normalized relations..."
It seems even Iran's Nazi Shah would or could not sacrifice himself and millions of his people to wage an aggressive, 8 year bloody war campaign in behalf of Western imperialist interests to overturn their neighboring, progressive Baath Arab Socialist Party in Iraq.
Enter, the October Surprise, Iranian hostage debacle, Carter-Reagan US Presidential s-election, then, Iran-Contra, and, the rest is history.
This PATTERN is also represented by the surrogate, crypto-religious war waged in Afghanistan against the Soviet Union (Russia), which COMPLETELY demolished and flattened Afghanistan and threw it back into the stone age and dust.
And, finally, here's the link from which I took the above quote/excerpt: